Handling huge weights is tedious process and it requires a series of safety procedures as well. In industrial operations these processes are carried out using powerful cranes. From hauling a vehicle in city to lifting pre-made structures in sky scraper constructions, these heavy operations involves rigid structural cranes. Most of the time, these tower type machines are assembled near construction sites and they are operated by skilled operators. However, it is a must to know these procedures in detail in order to have a smooth and safe operation. Following topics covers a broad area, explaining the basics in handling weights using cranes.
Understanding the machine
Cranes, unlike common machinery, have a predefined procedure to be followed. First thing is to identify their basic parts like boom, base structure and attachments. If you can identify those components, next step is to check for common faults like wearing out of bearings and renewing its crucial parts. You can find all the relevant parts for cranes from crane spare parts suppliers and they should be approved by a qualified engineer. Once you have upgraded all necessary components, you can start the operation with the aid of skilled operators.
Especially when you are handling an overhead or tower type cranes, there is a series of safety precautions to be followed. All the workers in the working site should wear all the safety gear such as, helmets, safety boots, gloves etc. and should be supervised by an engineer. These heavy machinery involves huge loads and one simple mistake can ruin an operation or even a life sometimes. Worksites should have all the safety markings and emergency procedures up and running before operating cranes. Also, all the machines and components have to be checked for faults by an engineer or by a certified supervisor.
Finally, when you are satisfied with the safety of your construction yard, you can let the operator of cranes to handle this machinery. Most of the time, these machines are hired from companies by the reliable Konecranes that offer overhead crane leasing facilities and it is your responsibility to make sure those companies and equipment are reliable. It is necessary to get those machinery from a company that has a good reputation. These machines handle enormous amounts of loads, hence operators must have required skill and experience as well.
One of the most critical factors in handling weights is the correct balance between loads and counterweights. All tower cranes in the industry have a boom which is perpendicular to its base and counterweights are fixed on one end and they are adjustable. It is an absolute must to adjust these load balancing weights accurately, if they are not automated.Operating overhead cranes requires a lot of experience and skill but above mentioned topics will offer you a basic idea in order to understand processes in industrial construction yards.